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Scottish Basket Hilted Sword of “Glasgow Style” Dating to Circa 1720 to 1735

This robust Scottish Basket-Hilted sword dates to the period separating the failed Jacobite Rebellions of 1715 / 19 and 1745. The sword is in splendid original and crisp condition. The attractively contoured hilt is of fine quality and an example of the highest standard of sword manufacture in Glasgow at the time. The hilt is forged from thick iron bars testament to the skill of the hilt maker. 

Fig 1: Scottish Basket Hilted Sword of “Glasgow Style” Circa 1720 to 1735

Although the hilt is not marked with the initials of a maker it could well have been made in the workshop of any of the best known Glasgow armourers of this period, Thomas Gemmill and John Simpson (I) and (II) for example. These leading makers stamped their initials on many of the hilts they made underneath the rear quillon near the wristguard.

Fig 2: Full length image Right
Fig 3 Full length image Left
Fig 3: Full length image Left

The basket hilt is formed from thick hammer forged iron with structural guard bars of flattened rectangular section decorated on the outside in typical “Glasgow” style with a central longitudinal flute extending along the middle of each bar. The main and secondary guard panels are filed with delicate frets and merlons to the edges, incised with lines and pierced with patterns of circles and triangles. 

Fig 4: Hilt Oblique Left
Fig 5: Hilt Right Side

The smooth contours of the hilt are impressively forged. The sword has been made for a right hand user indicated by the asymmetrical shape of the basket hilt when viewed from the front which is offset with wider accommodation for the fingers of the right hand when the sword is held in hand. Achieving this feature whilst maintaining the same lateral planes for the main frontal guard panels is particularly difficult for an armourer to achieve. 

Fig 6: The asymmetrical hilt Front showing the offset Right Side
Fig 7: Hilt Left Side

The dome-shaped pommel has a pronounced button on top filed with a groove around its circumference. The pommel is decorated with three  grooves, of similar width to those filed into the guard bars, which radiate equidistantly from the pommel button and are flanked with narrower incised lines. In the three spaces between crescents have been applied in similar manner with the convex sides facing upwards towards the button. The tops of the three main guard arms of the basket fit into a chiselled groove which extends for the full circumference of the pommel just below its middle. 

Fig 8: Guard arm terminals and pommel Front Side
Fig 9: Guard arm terminals and pommel Right Side    

The spirally grooved wooden grip retains remnants of its original shagreen cover, the exposed wood beneath now age-blackened and split down one side. The original flattened silver ribbon wire binding is also retained now age-blackened. The losses to the shagreen are in the areas where most wear would occur when the sword is gripped. The hilt retains the remains of a red woollen fringe at the top of the grip and its leather liner at the base.

Fig 9: Rear and Inside of the hilt.
Fig 10: Underneath the hilt Left

The high quality double-edged tapering blade has a pronounced ricasso which extends for 2 inches (5 cm) from the hilt, the shoulders of which sit in a proportionately cut shallow groove underneath the cross bar. On each side a pronounced fuller is cut into the ricasso just inside each blunt edge. From between these fullers at the end of the ricasso two deep fullers commence and run close together along the middle of the blade either side and terminate a short distance from the tip. Each side is marked with with the bladesmith’s mark “ANDREA” in the upper fuller and “FARARRA” in the fuller below both sides a short distance from the hilt. The blade was probably made in Solingen.

Fig 11: Inside the hilt Left
Fig 12: Underneath the hilt Right   

The blade length is just under 33.75 inches (just under 86 cm) and the overall length of the sword is 40.25 inches (just over 102 cm). The sword retains its scabbard of stitched thick black leather with chape and mouthpiece cut with triangle and circle designs.

Fig 13: Blade markings Right Side
Fig 14: Blade markings Left Side 

This is a particularly fine hilt of impressive proportions and imposing appearance of the type seen in various contemporary portraits adorning the martial dress of clan chiefs. See for example the portraits of Alasdair Ruadh Macdonnell, Lord George Murray and Sir Stuart Threipland of Fingask, plates 22, 24 and 29 respectively, in J Telfer Dunbar, “History of Highland Dress”, Oliver & Boyd Ltd, 1962.

Fig 15: Hilt Oblique Right

Similar swords signed by Simpson (II) are illustrated in Cyril Mazansky’s “British Basket-Hilted Swords”, Boydell Press, 2005. For example see fig F15, 116, fig F16a). See also in the same fig F16b and F16d for swords by Thomas Gemmill.

For a further example see Bonhams Arms & Armour sale, London, 1st December 2009, Lot 415, “The Property of a Gentleman, A Rare Scottish Basket-Hilted Broadsword, the Hilt by John Simpson the Younger of Glasgow”. Another similar example sold at Thomas Del Mar Ltd, London, Wednesday 7th December 2011, lot 157. 

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